The cat flea is the most common flea encountered by people in North America. However, the dog, human, and sticktight fleas are also found.
Fleas are small, wingless, and about 1/12 to 1/6 of an inch long. Their bodies are flat and often covered in hair, which allows them to root to the host.
Fleas can live indoors or outdoors in temperate climates. However, since they tend to live in homes, they can be found in any climate.
In your home they can live in carpet, furniture, hardwood floors and even in tile and concrete. Fleas are a parasite, and can attach to various hosts including dogs, cats, humans, chickens, rabbits, squirrels, rats, mice and other domesticated or wild animals.
To prevent fleas, make sure to vacuum, sweep and mop thoroughly and regularly. Be sure your floors are constantly clear of debris and wash sheets and linens often. It’s also a good idea to examine your pets daily for fleas. Catching fleas early will minimize the damage to your pets and home.
Yes, pets suffering from flea bites scratch themselves incessantly. Fleas also feed on humans and some people exhibit flea allergies. Fleas may also carry human diseases such as Typhus and Tularemia.