Pest Identification

Learn More About the Pests Invading Your Home

Pharaoh Ant

How to exterminate them


The key to exterminating ants is to kill the entire colony. If you just spray the ants you see, more ants will continue to reappear in search for a source of water and food that they can bring back to share with the queen and other ants in the colony. Combat® products provide the source kill you need and are a guaranteed solution! Use Combat® Source Kill Max Ant Baits in common areas where you see ants and Combat® Ant Killing Gel in cracks and crevices or places where ants might enter the home. Click here to learn more about how Combat® works to kill at the source.


Where they live


Pharaoh Ants can be found throughout the United States.


What they look like


Pharaoh Ants are small, approximately 1/16 inches long, and are yellow, light brown or red in color. The tip of their abdomen is darker than the rest of their bodies.


Where they nest


In southern latitudes, Pharaoh Ants will nest outdoors or indoors. In colder climates, they nest strictly in heated structures. They will nest anywhere with sufficient warmth and humidity. They often nest in inaccessible areas, such as inside wall voids or behind baseboards in kitchens and bathrooms.


What they eat


Pharaoh Ants eat sweets, fats, and proteins. They prefer to feed on whichever they have not eaten recently, so their feeding preferences vary widely.


Steps to prevent an invasion


Pharaoh Ants are difficult to control because colonies have multiple nests in inaccessible areas. Insecticide sprays and dusts should not be used to control these ants as they are repellants to them and will cause the colonies to divide and worsen the infestation. However, because they quickly shift from one food source to another, it is best to use several different baits at once, for example, a solid and a gel bait.

Fact Sheet

  • Sugar ants get their name because they collect sugary nectar, plant secretions, and honeydew sap from sapsucking insects
  • They are commonly found in suburban areas, forests, and woodlands
  • Sugar ants prefer warm and humid climates, and become more active during the summer
  • They have orange-brown bodies, and black heads and mandibles
  • Sugar ants are small to medium sized – ranging from 2 to 15mm in length
  • They are nesters, forming nests behind walls, holes in woods, between rocks, or in the soil
  • They are primarily nocturnal, but some species can be seen during the day
  • Winged male sugar ants are completely black, while female workers have orange-colored bodies